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Languages of India

Languages of India

Miscellaneous Information on Languages in India

The number of languages recognised by the Indian Constitution is 22
As per Article 343(1) of the Indian Constitution, the official language of India is Hindi in Devanagari script
At the inception of Indian constitution in 1950, the number of recognised languages was 14
The languages which were added to the Eighth Schedule are Sindhi, Konkani, Nepali, Manipuri, Maithili, Dogri, Bodo and Santhali.
Number of identifiable mother tongues as per Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation report of 2011 234
The first language to be conferred the status of a Classical Language Tamil
Other languages which have been conferred the status of a Classical Language Sanskrit, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu and Odia
The official language of Nagaland is English
The official language of Jammu and Kashmir Urdu
The official language of Goa Konkani
The official language of the Supreme Court and High Court as prescribed by the Constitution of India is English
The principal languages of Lakshdweep are Jeseri (Dweep Bhasha) and Mahal
Foreign language commonly spoken in Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) is French
The only State which has Sanskrit as one of its official languages Uttarakhand
The Indian language known as the ‘Italian of the East’ is Telugu
The principal languages of the Andaman & Nicobar islands are Hindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam and Telugu.
English is not in the list of recognised languages

Institutions for promotion of Languages in India

Institution Location
Central Institute of Hindi (Kendriya Hindi Sansthan) Agra, U.P.
Central Institute of Indian Languages Mysore, Karnataka
Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Wardha, Maharashtra
English and Foreign Languages University Hyderabad, A.P.
Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan New Delhi
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth New Delhi
Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth Tirupathi
Maulana Azad National Urdu University Hyderabad
Central Institute of Classical Tamil Chennai
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